Coronavirus Guidebook:

A coronavirus is a type of virus that causes severe ailments like SARS and MERS. It’s also the same sort of virus that normally circulates in people and animals, triggering common health problems such as colds and influenza. Coronaviruses are enveloped RNA viruses. They get their name from the shape with their viral package, which under electron microscopy resembles a crown. Coronaviruses can invade both avian species and mammals.

When a person infected with COVID-19 — or with any coronavirus — coughs, sneezes, or reveals, the malware they relieve into the atmosphere can infect other people through aerosols. These types of viruses can then enter a healthy cell, hijack that cell’s protein-making machinery, and produce copies of itself. In only hours, the virus will produce tens of 1000s of new infections.

A few medications may decrease the unfold of the computer, including ACE2 inhibitors (chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine), used to handle malaria; favipiravir, a drug created in Asia; and lopinavir/ritonavir, therapy for HIV. Scientists have analyzed a variety of vaccine candidates to see if they will help battle the malware.